The process of writing a complex academic paper is an intimidating task to many students. This is so since much of the course subjects a student will take in a university or college do necessitate academic paper writing as a scholastic exercise. In the same approach, the process of expressing one's self well in writing is habitually a crucial ability in the professional community. Writing a difficult academic paper does not only comprise the expression of an individual's own opinion alone but most prominently, it calls for the expression of the diverse facts already reputed by other juxtaposed with one's rational views and conclusions based on the study. Nevertheless, this paper provides different tips and steps that are involved in the process of writing a difficult academic paper. These processes include; choosing a topic, developing a working thesis, researching and taking notes, developing an outline, writing the first draft, and lastly revising the draft.
Step 1: Choosing a Topic
As soon as a student receives an assignment, he or she should start to read about the focus that is of most interest to the student. Chodorow asserts that this early reading helps the student define or limit the parameters of research at hand. The student should remember the key principles of the academic paper. He or she should keep the topic as simple as possible and straightforward. If a student chooses a little researched topic or an obscure topic, he or she is bound to run into difficulties finding enough and relevant facts to support the difficult paper.
Step 2: Development of a Working Thesis
The student should brainstorm all the questions and ideas that evolve out of the different readings. From these questions and brainstorming, the student should develop a draft of the thesis statement which according to Murray could start with "I am going to attest that..." or "I am going to analyze/discuss/compare..." The working thesis statement should determine and provide directions of the additional research for the paper. Students should always check the initial instructions for the paper to verify that the topic is suitable and approved.
Step 3: Researching and Taking Notes
A difficult academic paper is not similar to a simple and direct academic paper. Therefore, students should make sure that they do take notes of all the specifics that are associated with the research paper such as authors, titles, year of publications and the page numbers of the borrowed quotes. Castelló and Donahue stresses that if a student has difficulties finding the current research, he or she should check the references or the bibliographies lists of the books or articles which he or she has used. Another source of recent research is from the instructor or writer who is confined to have different research suggestions for students.
Step 4: Developing an Outline
Most students avoid this step with the thoughts of that they have saved time. Soles affirms that if a student wants to save time, he or she has to take time to map out the directions he or she wants the paper to take. It will only take at most two hours to develop an outline. One cannot take a trip without having a plan of the destination and how to get to that destination. This same principle applies in writing a difficult academic paper.
Step 5: Writing the First Draft
After the process of creation of an outline, the student should be able to write his or her first in one or two sessions. The student should not be worried about revising or editing the work. He or she should save the revisions until the first draft is complete. As per Soles, students should ensure that they include all the relevant information when documenting the in-text citations or the sources. If the outline or the working thesis is not working, he or she should change it. It is easier to develop a new thesis statement or a new outline than to rewrite the whole paper supported by flimsy evidence or weak thesis statement.
Step 6: Revisions
Most students rely on their best friends or the significant others when it comes to proofreading or editing their work. Why make others be accountable for one's own grade? Students should not rely on people who may not even know much about the topic of the paper. Haisler claims that if a student does not know how to punctuate correctly or spell, he or she should be taught how to use grammar and spell checks. He or she ought to make an appointment with a learning assistance instructor to learn the different editing and proofreading strategies. The student should leave enough time to read through the paper, and this will ensure that he or she corrects the mistakes in the paper after proofreading several times.
In conclusion, even though knowledge and eloquence in compositions are valued skills in any industry, the steps discussed above namely; choosing a topic, developing a working thesis, researching and taking notes, developing an outline, writing the first draft, and revising the draft of writing a difficult academic paper are ought to be followed to ensure that one writes a quality academic paper. With the above steps of writing a difficult academic paper, one requires not only widening the aptitude to express one's self in words, but also the capability to conduct the essential research from a wide range of sources. This helps to decide and select which among the relevant fragments of data are pertinent to his or her paper. The writer has to provide his or her observations, discussions and conclusions.